Weight Loss – The latest Trends for 2018

Key points:
  • Frustrated by your own weight-loss results?
  • Confused by the hundreds of weight-loss solutions?

In spite of what you may have been told, weight loss is difficult, everyone is different and there is no quick-fix solution. The reasons why people gain or fail to lose weight are numerous and scientifically rather complex. From our ever-increasing understanding of the biochemistry and genetics of obesity, one thing is clear; being overweight has a strong underlying biological foundation which can prove very difficult to overcome.

Why do I gain weight so easily?

By now you know that one gains weight because of the progressive accumulation of body fat and in some cases, some additional tissue fluid. What you may not be aware of is that this happens because of two different mechanisms. The first involves your existing fat cells, in other words, the ones that you were born with. If you had a weight problem as a child you may have a distinct disadvantage, since research has shown that compared to their lean peers, obese children add new fat cells at twice the rate. This results in a much bigger overall compliment of the total number of fat cells in the body. If these all collectively increase their size because they continuously increase the amount of fat that they store, the end result will be exponential.

The second, somewhat lessor known but equally important mechanism relates to how adults constantly make new fat cells, called ‘adipocytes’ in medical terms, through the biological process ‘adipogenesis’. This not only takes place in one’s existing fatty tissue, where new fat cells are squashed in-between existing cells, but also happens in other parts of one’s body which under normal conditions would not contain many fat cells. Once manufactured, these new fat cells also start to accumulate more fat and progressively grow in size. Besides causing general weight-gain, these two mechanisms also lead to the progressive enlargement and distortion of fatty tissue, often referred to as ‘cellulite’ in cosmetic terms.

New research has shown that compared to lean adults, obese adults produce about twice as many new fat cells every year. Having built up a large supply of fat cells and exponentially adding to that pool explains in part, why so many overweight and obese people find it very hard to lose weight.

More than a numbers game…

It is a generally accepted medical fact that excess body fat often causes ill health. It is also known that the body has various self-regulating healing mechanisms that control or counteract disease. Ideally, one would expect the same to happen with excess body fat.

On the contrary, once fat cells progressively fill with fat, an odd and somewhat counterproductive phenomenon occurs. Instead of releasing its fat, which for obvious reasons would be beneficial to the ailing body, engorged fat cells start to safeguard their fatty content by progressively decreasing the release of fat. Modern research searching for clues as to why this happens has discovered that the secret largely lies with the fact that engorged fat cells initiate a cellular communication process through the release of certain chemical messenger molecules, called ‘adipokines’. These messenger molecules start to communicate not only with cells in the immediate area, but also with other cells in distant parts of the body. Some adipokines trigger the formation of new fat cells whilst others disrupt the normal functioning of insulin, the hormone that controls metabolism.

The importance of insulin resistance

Are you perhaps finding it more difficult than ever before to lose weight? If so, you may have become insulin resistant. An easy way to find out is to check your waist circumference. Males with a waistline measurement of more than 102cm and females more than 88cm will statistically have a high chance of having insulin resistance.

Although insulin is the dominant regulator of blood sugar control and therefore plays a crucial role in health, various studies have also demonstrated that chronically elevated insulin levels causes you to gain weight. This is due to the fact that insulin plays an intricate role in the body’s ability to store fat. Insulin resistance is a condition during which the body fails to respond to the normal regulatory effects of insulin. To overcome this deficit, the body compensates by producing more insulin, causing blood insulin levels to rise.

Once insulin resistance sets in, your metabolism effectively slows down and it becomes increasingly more difficult to lose weight. This is because with insulin resistance, fat cells stop releasing fat, leaving you virtually incapable of shedding those unwanted kilos.

Insulin resistance can be managed

In summary, you may be experiencing a real uphill struggle with your weight because:

  • You have more body fat, but that’s only part of the problem.
  • You most likely also have more fat cells.
  • In addition, you are adding to that pool by still making new fat cells at twice the rate of a lean person.
  • To crown it all, your fat cells, because of the likely presence of insulin resistance, will biochemically be significantly less inclined to release their stored fat.

So, in order to lose weight, the modern therapeutic goal to optimise your metabolism is therefore to follow a strategy during which your body’s biochemical processes are optimised in such a manner that it simultaneously alleviates insulin resistance, suppresses the storage capabilities of fat by existing fat cells, as well as prevent the continual formation of new fat cells. Therapies able to regulate both the size and number of fat cells over the long term have therefore become a new therapeutic approach to help treat overweight and obese individuals. In addition, this strategy should also help you to regulate your appetite.

Weight-loss – quick steps to get going

If this approach appeals to you, get started today by following these two simple steps. Read more.

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